What is XRP? Is XRP better than Bitcoin?

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What is XRP?

  • Unlike cryptocurrencies, which operate in a decentralized manner without a single controlling entity the cryptocurrency XRP is managed by a company known as Ripple. Ripple presents itself as an upgraded version of the SWIFT system. Is already being adopted by banks and other financial institutions.
  • XRP serves as the currency on the Ripple network.
  • Financial institutions and banks are already utilizing Ripples open source protocol and network.
  • Ripples objective is not to compete with other cryptocurrencies but rather to offer an improved alternative to the SWIFT system.
  • The creation of XRP units does not involve any mining process.
  • Although there are 100 billion mined units of XRP in existence only a portion of them are currently in circulation.
  • In 2018 XRP reached its all time high price of €3.18 per unit.
  • XRP functions as both a cryptocurrency and token utilized by Ripple Labs for facilitating transactions across its network. Its primary purpose revolves around enabling financial transfers and facilitating currency exchanges.
  • Investors utilize XRP for preserving value and capitalizing on price fluctuations.

Key Points

  • Established in 2011 by Jed McCaleb and Chris Larsen XRP serves as a cryptocurrency and the native token, on the Ripple network.
  • “XRP has already been created ahead of time. There are a total of 100 billion tokens, in circulation.
  • When we compare XRP to Bitcoin we can see that it offers cost efficiency, quicker transaction times and consumes less energy.”

XRP Overview

Coin NameXRP
Market Cap$32,661,633,130
Circulating Supply52,741,286,353 XRP *

History of XRP

  • Ripple, a company specializing in technology (FinTech) has developed various products to address global payment challenges through its remittance system, payment settlement and exchange services. The company originated as Ripplepay back in 2004 when software developer Ryan Fugger founded it before the rise of Bitcoin. Ripple was co founded by Chris Larsen and Jed McCaleb in 2012 to further advance the project.
  • Ripples objective shares similarities with Satoshi Nakamotos vision for Bitcoin aiming to offer a speedy and more secure solution for international transactions. Unlike technology based systems RipplePay was initially designed with a centralized approach.
  • In 2011 McCaleb along, with David Schwartz and Arthur Britto embarked on developing the XRP Ledger as an alternative to overcome the limitations found in Bitcoin. When the XRP Ledger was introduced in 2012 it introduced its digital token called XRP to facilitate its operations. Shortly after that milestone Larsen joined the team and currently serves as Ripples chairman and co founder.
  • Between 2012 and 2015 Ripple experienced several name changes. Initially known as NewCoin in 2012 it later rebranded as OpenCoin before becoming Ripple Labs in 2013.
  • In the year 2015 it underwent a rebranding process. Is now recognized by its widely known name, Ripple.

Ripple and XRP

  • Although XRP is commonly referred to as Ripple it’s important to note that XRP is a digital asset that operates on an open source blockchain. Ripple on the hand is a technology company. XRP is known for its speed, efficiency, reliability, carbon neutrality and quick transactions. It plays a role in supporting Ripples solutions.
  • XRP utilizes the XRP Ledger (XRPL) which’s a decentralized blockchain built on the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP). Unlike other cryptocurrencies XRP has already been pre mined with a maximum token supply of 100 billion. The distribution of tokens occurred as follows;
  • Initially the original company Ripple allocated 80 billion XRP tokens and secured 55 billion of them in an escrow account to maintain a supply.
  • The remaining 20 billion XRP was distributed among Ripples co founders and core team.
  • The release of the remaining XRP tokens follows a schedule spanning over 55 months at a rate of than 1 billion per month.
  • From its inception XRP was designed to be an cost effective alternative for peer, to peer trust networks. It serves as an asset capable of processing transactions within seconds while consuming less energy compared to similar cryptocurrencies.
  • XRP is mainly intended to function within Ripples network to facilitate transactions. It is actively traded as a currency and can be found on different types of exchanges such, as spot exchanges, futures exchanges, swap exchanges, custodian exchanges and non custodian exchanges.

What makes XRP special?

What is XRP? Is XRP better than Bitcoin?
  • Ripple has two components; XRP, which functions as a cryptocurrency and Ripple as a company. The purpose of Ripple is to assist banks in facilitating fast and affordable money transfers.
  • It acts as a service for banks by enabling them to establish connections through its network.
  • Ripple serves as a bridge between banking systems and cryptocurrencies facilitating the conversion of dollars and pounds into digital currencies.
  • One of its strengths lies in its incredible speed when transferring funds. It takes 3.5 seconds for transactions to be confirmed and it has the capacity to process up to 1,000 transactions per second—a level comparable to Visas capabilities. In contrast Bitcoin can only handle around 7 transactions per second.
  • Furthermore it offers cost money transfers since using Ripple is significantly cheaper for banks compared to existing technologies.
  • In terms of impact Ripple stands out for consuming less electricity due to the absence of mining activities.
  • Lastly it operates on a peer, to peer network.

Understanding XRP Mining

  • The process known as “mining” is a validation system that is commonly utilized by the majority of cryptocurrencies based on blockchain technology. Its primary function is to facilitate transactions and introduce units of currency into the cryptocurrency system. This process involves validators, who are also referred to as miners for their support and contributions to the networks operations. For instance in the case of Bitcoin there is a limit of 21 million tokens available which are gradually released as more transactions are successfully validated.
  • On the hand XRP took a different approach initially by utilizing “pre mining.” This involved the creators generating 100 billion units which were then periodically made available, to the public over time.

XRP’s Adoption and Concerns

  • In the few years there have been numerous discussions and disputes in the crypto community and among regulatory bodies regarding XRP. Some notable incidents revolve around the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Concerns about FinCEN and AML Program

  • Back in May 2015 Ripple Labs and its money laundering (AML) program faced charges from the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). They were accused of violating banking secrecy laws to unauthorized XRP sales. In response Ripple Labs agreed to implement its AML program and register with FinCEN.

The SEC Lawsui

  • In December 2020 Brad Garlinghouse, CEO of Ripple publicly disclosed that the SEC had intentions to sue the company. On December 22nd the SEC officially filed a lawsuit against Ripple. The lawsuit alleged that distributing over $1.3 billion worth of XRP tokens to investors constituted a securities offering. At that time XRP held the position of being the largest cryptocurrency based on market capitalization.
  • The legal case, between Ripple and the SEC concluded on July 13th 2023. The court determined that Ripple had violated securities laws by offering securities to institutional investors but not when selling XRP on exchanges.

Price Volatility

  • The price of XRP has gone through changes particularly during the cryptocurrency bull market between 2017 and 2018. At its peak during that time it reached a $3.40, which marked a staggering increase of 53,435% from its initial price of $0.006531 in early 2017. Since then it has experienced periods of both growth and decline but has consistently remained a prominent participant in the cryptocurrency market. As of now it holds the position, in terms of market capitalization.


What is XRP? Is XRP better than Bitcoin?
  • XRP and Bitcoin have ways of validating transactions. XRP uses a method called consensus mechanism, which relies on trusted validators or a unique node list (UNL) to decide which transactions should be included in the next ledger. To confirm transactions the majority of trusted validators need to agree. On the hand Bitcoin relies on miners who solve complex math problems using proof of work to validate transactions.
  • The consensus mechanism used by XRP allows for more cost effective transaction validation compared to Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies that require a lot of energy for mining. XRPs scalable account ledger can handle up to 1,500 transactions per second while Bitcoins average transaction rate is four to five per second and Ethereum can handle about 13 per second.
  • In summary XRP has gained attention. Sparked debates in the crypto world due, to its unique consensus mechanism and scalability features making it stand out in the cryptocurrency market.

Advantages and Disadvantages of ripple

Advantages of Ripple

  • Speedy Transactions; Ripple stands out with its fast transaction confirmation time. Unlike the days it takes for banks to process wire transfers or the minutes to hours for Bitcoin transactions to be verified Ripple transactions typically complete within four to five seconds.
  • Minimal Transaction Fees; Completing transactions on the Ripple network comes with low costs. At rates the fee for transactions is a mere 0.00001 XRP, which amounts to a fraction of a penny.
  • Versatile Exchange Network; The Ripple network not facilitates transactions using XRP but also offers functionality for various fiat currencies and cryptocurrencies.
  • Adoption by Prominent Financial Institutions; Major financial players such as IndusInd Bank, Standard Chartered and Bank of America have embraced Ripple as their platform for conducting transactions. This demonstrates its presence in the institutional market compared to many other cryptocurrencies.

Disadvantages of Ripple

  • Partial Centralization; One element that made cryptocurrencies attractive was their decentralized nature, which aimed to diminish control exerted by big banks and governments. However due to default validators being present, in Ripples system some degree of centralization can be observed, deviating from this principle.
  • The availability of a portion of XRP is currently held in escrow rather than being in circulation. It is important to release these funds to avoid any potential negative effects, on the value of XRP.
  • Regarding the aspect in December 2020 Ripple faced a lawsuit filed by the SEC alleging that XRP should have been registered as a security. However Ripple has firmly denied these allegations.

How can you use Ripple and XRP?

  • You can utilize XRP like any other digital currency either for transactions or as a potential investment. Ripples network enables the processing of transaction types similar to other cryptocurrencies.
  • For instance if you wish to exchange INR for Euros you have the option to convert your INR into XRP on the Ripple network. Subsequently you can directly use the XRP to purchase Euros without having to deal with banks or currency exchange platforms. This method can often be faster and more cost effective compared to paying fees charged by traditional banks and remittance organizations.

Is investing in XRP a smart decision?

  • Determining whether investing in XRP is a decision relies on factors, like your risk tolerance, market perspective and willingness to accept potential losses. It is advisable to consult with an investment before considering the purchase of XRP.

How is XRP generated?

  • In contrast, to currencies Ripple doesn’t rely on mining or nodes. When it was created 100 billion XRP tokens were generated and are regularly sold each month as part of fundraising efforts.

How can you get XRP?

  • To obtain XRP you can visit a designated exchange. Purchase it using USD, GBP or EUR.

What are the uses of XRP?

  • XRP is not typically used as a method of payment for goods and services similar to Bitcoin or Litecoin. However there are places where it is accepted as a form of currency for making purchases.

How secure is XRP?

  • The security of XRP is ensured through the use of Ripples Consensus Protocol. Validators within the network regularly update their ledgers every three to five seconds ensuring agreement with ledgers whenever new transactions occur. This process allows for secure and efficient transaction validation compared to many other cryptocurrencies.

Where can I purchase XRP?

  • To buy XRP there are exchanges available that support its purchase using fiat currencies or other cryptocurrencies. Some renowned exchanges currently supporting XRP trading include Binance, Bittrex, Bitbuy, Deepcoin and MXC providing opportunities for investment, in XRP.
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